SQL Vs MySQL Server Performance

MySQL vs SQL Server
MySQL vs SQL Server

Are you confused about whether SQL or MYSQL server is the database management system (DBMS) for your business? You are on the right page. Here, we will explain the difference between the two main databases and understandably so that you can make the right decision about which to choose.

SQL is a Microsoft product for the Windows operating system. In terms of features, it is more powerful than MYSQL. However, because of the license fees, it can also be more costlier. It is exclusively made for Windows.

MYSQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) based on the Structured Query Language (SQL). It is fast and reliable and supports a wide variety of applications, from web applications to data warehouses.

Let’s get started to learn more about this.

What is MYSQL?

MYSQL is an open-source RDBMS by Oracle Corporation. It is licensed under the General public license or commercial license. It was created in 1995 by Swedish programmer Michael “Monty” Widenius and is available for free. It runs on different platforms and is the default platform for many web applications, namely Joomla and WordPress.

MYSQL is written in C and C++. It handles the database using structured query language (SQL) and is used in PHP, Java, Python, and other programming languages. The MYSQL server provides powerful control over data security by allowing the user to access the data at the table level. In an enterprise environment, the important function is that multiple users have to access the same data.

What is an SQL Server?

SQL Server is a relational database management system (RDBMS) developed by Microsoft under a private license. Organizations use it to store information and manipulate data through queries. You can use an SQL server to add, delete, or update records or query the data stored inside it. 

Below are the major features of SQL Server.

  • Advanced analytics powered by Machine Learning Services 
  • In-memory OLTP 
  • High availability and disaster recovery options 
  • Advanced Security features [Always Encrypted]
  • Data virtualization with Polybase 

Summary Difference between MSSQL and MySQL

Below are the main differences between MSSQL and MySQL Server

MySQL MSSQL
It is an open-source RDBMS by OraclePrivate RDBMS by Microsoft
Supports few platforms than MySQLSupports few platforms than MySQL
Supports more programming languages like Perl and HaskelCompared to MySQL, it will support less programming language
It has third-party connectors and integrationsYou can simultaneously filter across several databases with SQL Server. Additionally, you can stop a query without terminating the entire process.
Although MySQL is scalable, it is not as scalable as SQL Server due to certain features.SQL Server offers a highly scalable environment through the use of compression, sophisticated partitioning, and in-memory technology.
MySQL achieves great performance by using query caching and connection poolingIn a scaled environment, SQL Server performs better than MySQL.
MySQL uses SQL as a query language and uses backticks in its syntax.SQL Server uses SQL as a query language and uses single quotes in its syntax.
Open -sourcePrivate software and it has a cost
With MySQL, you can edit databases at run time.With SQL Server, you can’t edit or access files at run time.

Similarities between SQL and MYSQL Server

There are several similarities between MySQL and MSSQL because they are both relational databases. However, most developers will focus on one or the other. Apart from the similarities, MySQL and MSSQL have different architectures. Below are the similarities you should be aware of.

Primary and Foreign Keys – Both SQL and MSSQL use primary keys and foreign keys to make the relationship between the tables.

Database Performance Speed – The database is the heart of your application, and it is entirely responsible for storing and returning data quickly. Both provide high-performance speed.

Relational Database Table Model – Both use standard relational database models for storing the data in rows and columns.

Reliability with other projects – They support small and big projects and support millions of transactions per day.

Syntax for Platforms – Developers working with data using SQL in databases like SQL and MSSQL. Since SQL is a standardized language, you can expect some small differences across varying CRUD (create, read, update, delete) statements.

MSSQL Syntax

  • Follows ANSI SQL Standard with the features.
  • MSSQL is not case-sensitive for the table name, column name, and string operations.
  • It uses single quotes for the string literals
  • It will provide comprehensive date and time functions.
  • Utilizes the TOP clause to reduce the number of rows a query returns.
  • It offers full-text search capacity through specific predicates.

MYSQL Syntax

  • Follows ANSI SQL Standard with the variations and also additional features related to MySQL.
  • MySQL is not case-sensitive for the table name, column name, and string operations.
  • Supports both single and double quotes for the string literals.
  • It will provide a rich set of dates and times in MySQL.
  • Here it will use the LIMIT clause to reduce the number of rows returned by query.
  • Provide native- support for the full-text search.

Connection Drivers

Through the web search, we can see the connection drivers in all the famous languages. This allows you to connect MSSQL and MySQL without difficult coding.

MSSQL was introduced in 1989, whereas MySQL was introduced in 1995 as an open-source project. So, MSSQL is several years older than MySQL. Both have been in production for two decades and have a good footprint in the industry. MySQL can run on either Linux or Windows as part of a LAMP environment. MSSQL runs on Windows and is usually part of a Windows environment.

Difference between MSSQL and MySQL Server

These platforms function very differently rather than having many similarities, particularly in terms of interface and fundamental relational database standards. The majority of the variations occur in the background, explained by architecture. DBAs should be aware of these distinctions because they are important to your decision-making.

Multiple Programming Languages Support

Both will support multiple programming languages like Java, C++, Ruby, Python, and Visual Basic. Additionally, MySQL supports languages like TCL, Perl, and Haskel. MySQL is adaptable and supports programming languages, and it is familiar among developer communities. For Windows and Linux projects, you can use both databases. MySQL works natively with PHP, and MSSQL is mainly used with .NET. 

Query Execution Stop Option

Using the KILL command in MySQL, users can end a particular query. The drawback is we cannot stop a query without breaking the connection.

In MSSQL, a running database query can be terminated without ending the process. This gives you more accurate control over how queries are executed by ensuring data integrity.

Backup Data

For MySQL, we have to back up the data by extracting the SQL statements. While backing up the data, RDBMS provides a tool to block the database. This feature reduces the chances of data corruption while switching between MySQL versions.

Data restoration will be a time-consuming process down the line because it will require executing multiple SQL statements. However, MSSQL will not block the database while backed up, which lets users back up data with minimum effort.

IDE Tools Used

IDE – Integrated Development Environment. There are IDE tools for both MySQL and MSSQL. However, you must match the correct tool to the correct server. MSSQL uses Management Studio, while MySQL has MySQL Workbench. Using these tools, you can establish a connection with the server and control architecture, security, and table design configurations.

OS Compatibility

SQL Server was initially created by Microsoft only for the Windows operating system. Enterprises can now choose to deploy SQL Server on both Windows and Linux environments.

Even with this expansion, installing SQL Server on macOS is not natively supported. An alternate solution for macOS users is a virtualization solution that allows for SQL Server instances on the macOS platform.

Storage Engines

One of MySQL’s unique selling points is its support for several different storage engines. The most popular and default engine is InnoDB, which includes features like transactions, foreign key constraints, and ACID compliance.

On the other hand, MSSQL mainly uses a single storage engine but makes up for it with an extensive feature set that includes things like full-text search, column store indexes, and partitioning of tables and indexes.

Security Features of MSSQL and MySQL Server

SQL Server and MySQL are both created as binary collections. But compared to MySQL, SQL Server is more secure. MySQL gives programmers the ability to use run-time binaries to access and modify database files. Moreover, it permits run-time file access and modification by other processes.

SQL Server has built-in security features for data protection, data classification, monitoring, and alerts. If any unusual activity occurs, it will recognize and send alerts. SQL Server can also recognize and fix security issues and misconfigurations.

SQL Server can encrypt important data and perform complex calculations. It also has features to control access with complex row filtering, ABAC (Attribute-Based Access Control) and RBAC (Role-Based Access Control), for added protection.

No process is permitted to access or modify database files during runtime by SQL Server. Users must execute certain functions in order to use this. Thus, harmful hacker attacks are significantly reduced.

Product Support in MSSQL and MySQL Server

MySQL offers distribution with two licenses. It is available as free, open-source software under numerous proprietary licenses in addition to the GPLv2 license. You must pay extra fees to receive support.

Software for SQL Server is private. It provides forums and community support.

To get started, detailed technical documentation is available for both MySQL and SQL Server.

Challenges of MySQL and MSSQL Server

The fact that MySQL Triggers only permit one action at a time is highly restrictive for the user.  you are limited to using a single trigger on the table in the event of any circumstance. Views do not allow for the definition of triggers.

Another drawback is  MySQL DOES NOT adhere to all SQL standards is another drawback.

Learning the language is necessary if you want to use SQL Server effectively. Another feature of SQL Server is that table and column names become case-sensitive if the database uses case-sensitive collation. In this instance, you must write these names in the query exactly as you did when the table was created.

To run and use multiple databases on SQL Server, users must purchase licenses, which can be costly.

Conclusion

This tutorial provided a detailed comparison of the two most widely used database technologies available today. MySQL and SQL Server. It covered databases and the factors to consider when determining which one is best for your company.

A few challenges on both databases were also explained. MySQL and SQL Server are RDBMS with consistent speed and performance. They support triggers, XML support, data schemes, typing, secondary indexes, and ACID transaction types well.

Your application, the language you plan to use, the operating system, and the environment will all influence which of MySQL and SQL Server you choose.

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